Landscape Photography Guidelines
We will continue our review of techniques and landscape photography hints now. Add these suggestions to your landscape and cityscape photos and you'll start winning photo contests! It is almost a given!
We discussed light yesterday.
First we discussed the colour of light... Begin shooting in the 20 or so minutes before daybreak and you have to get up early in the morning. AND you need to keep shooting for about 20 minutes or so past sundown.
At those times there is a phenomenon we will call a 'fictitious' sunrise and sunset that can produce some absolutely stunning colours in your landscape and cityscape photographs.
Next we talked about the angle of the light... Think of bodybuilder pictures. The light is coming from about 90 degrees to the subject. This creates lots of shadows that accent and define their muscles.
At twilight and daybreak, the glancing light from the sun is at the right angle to generate a lot of defining darkness. This will definitely add a lot of third dimensionality to your photographs and make them come alive!
Try shooting the same scene at both dawn and dusk, then compare the results to the exact same scene shot at midday. You will never sleep in again!
Next we mentioned when there are clouds in the sky shooting. This will definitely add a lot of visual interest to the scene - in addition to a lot of shade. Now the rising or setting sun has something to bounce off of! When the current weather is bad... Get out there! That is the time you will get the very best shots.
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Now, let us add a couple more landscape photography tips and techniques.
Utilize a tripod! Post sunset times and when shooting landscapes, particularly in the predawn - you will require a long exposure! (Creating an acceptable depth of field demands shooting at minimal apertures - which means long shutter speeds.) Do not even think of trying to get a contest winner by shooting handheld. It won't occur.
In case your camera has one, subsequently, utilize the mirror lockup feature. Most of the better DSLR cameras do.
For the ultimate in photo sharpness - in addition to locking up the mirror, utilize a timed shutter release. These sharpness techniques can and do make a significant difference, although it may seem like a bit of overkill.
Pay attention to the foreground, as far as composition is concerned! Use it to draw on the viewer's eye into the photo. Use leading lines, framing, diagonals and so on.
Another compositional element to consider is the horizon, make it level! What's the most important element in your landscape or cityscape photo? Is it the sky? If so, place on the lower third of the shot. Is it the ground? Place in the upper third.
While there are times that placing the horizon in the middle is the correct call, they are uncommon. Be sure to are in possession of a particular reason to do this!
Last but not least... Make sure that your photo has a 'star'. What attracted you to the scene? Make sure you accent that attribute and drive the audience's focus to it. Don't make the blunder of trying to make the whole scene equally significant. You will need a star.
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I trust this review of landscape photography tips and techniques will help you start getting competition winning landscape and cityscape pictures!
In the exhilaration of the instant, it really is easy to forget to do some of these true basic but crucial landscape photography hints and techniques (there are more coming tomorrow)...
Here is your duty - start to make up a checklist (of these and any other landscape photography tricks and techniques you can think of), have it laminated and stick it in the side pocket of your camera bag.
Every time you are shooting, you will not forget anything and can pull out your landscape photography tips and techniques checklist! Eventually you'll get the landscape photography techniques needed to let your artistic side shine through!