Neutral Density Filters Should Be Included by Your Camera Equipment to Get Better Landscape Photography!
The neutral density filter concerns. To get better landscape photography, this is another piece of camera gear that should be in your bag at all times! It's another filter effect that can not be duplicated after the fact. It must be in the camera.
I'm certain you have seen landscape photography of a waterfall.
You can shoot it so that each drop of water is in sharp relief... or you'll be able to shoot it so that it looks like a gigantic string of cotton candy! And everything in between!
Incidentally, do you realize that Niagara Falls really stopped flowing in 1848 for about 20 hours because there was ice which was blocking the Niagara River? Picture a before and after shot of THAT!
Anyway, back to our point...
We know that to get the sharp image, we are in need of a fast shutter speed and to get the cotton candy blur we want a slow one.
Another great reason to put your camera on guide! You will never get award winning shots on automatic! They are going to look like everyone else's.
Imagine if we desire an extremely slow shutter speed, but it is a bright day? Just a particular amount of light can be let in for a great exposure, as you know - it is going to destroy the shot should you let in too much.
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So we first start closing down the aperture. What if that's not enough? suppose that we're at the smallest aperture setting - and we still have an excessive amount of light.
Our next option would be to go with the slowest film or ISO setting we can. That is certainly fine, it's going to give us nicely saturated, noise free shots... but there are limits.
Since our problem is that too much light is entering the lens, the simple fix is to obstruct a number of that light.
Enter the 'Neutral Density Filter'.
The neutral density filter is a filter that is made to obstruct a a predetermined amount of light. That's all! It does not change the light in any manner - it is neutral. The light entering the lens has all the same properties; there is simply less of it.
Voilla! You're now able to shoot that silky, cotton candy waterfall - on a brilliant sunny day!
Neutral density filters come in a variety of strengths. You can block one stop of light, three, five, and so forth. Plus various densities can be 'stacked' for even more light blockage. You could put a five stop and a three stop neutral density filter together for eight full stops! (That is a LOT of light!)
Neutral density filters have tons of uses, not just for waterfalls. In tomorrows photo trick post, I'll go into even more cool things that you can do to improve your landscape photography with these camera gear accessories that are crucial.