Digital SLR Cameras For Landscape Images For Host Pennsylvania

Composition - The Heart of the Photo

Composition is the core of the photo. Composition results in the work of art that starts from inspiration. Inspiration starts when you disconnect with the interior struggles of everyday life and free the spirit to have the world around you. Actually being in the moment and experiencing nature links you with all around you.

It may sound like meditation, but the mind is cleared by knowledge of your surroundings without hindrance of external thoughts and sharpening your perceptions. Where you did not see them before images seem. The elements begin to art and align appears.

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Joseph Cornell in his novel 'Listening to Nature How to Deepen Your Awareness of Nature' had this exercise. Walk into an area which you'd like to photograph. Rather than shooting and setting the camera up. Sit down. Wait. Relax. Be still and sense the minute. Very gently become aware of nature. The Native Americans called this 'silent hunting'. Nature will speak to you personally, but you should be quiet. Nature talks softly. Nature will show herself to you, if you are patient. And incredible images will appear.

There are many times that I've entered the woods with camera in hand and not found anything that I needed to photograph. It could be that I wasn't prepared or nature didn't want to show herself. Maybe she did not feel photogenic. Other days, scenes appear as if by magic. If you can not find anything to shoot on any given day, so don't be disappointed. Utilize that time to scout the place for future opportunities and revel in the fact that you've got a chance to be outside.

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Take this as an opportunity to plan for future shots. At these times think, what if the light was coming from another way. Coming back in the early morning or late afternoon may create a better image. The landscape changes. Maybe shooting in the fall, with the leaf in brilliant colors, or winter with a fresh layer of snow would create the photo that you desire.

When seeking that image, do not hurry yourself. Time with nature is a pleasure all by its self. In case you don't find anything to shoot, the absolute pleasure of being one with the outside is worth the encounter.

Depth of field is one of the oldest tricks in photography. It is a techniques used by photographers to bring everything in the frame right from the closest thing to the farthest object in clear focus. This means that both the foreground and background are in clear focus. This technique is used most commonly in landscape photography and it can result in stunning photos. This article will delve into the intricacies of the technique.

The depth of field or DOF is dependent on three fundamental elements:

1.A The focal length

2.A The aperture size

3.A The object on which you focus in your composition

Let's discuss each of this in detail.

Focal Length

As a rule of thumb, broader the angle of focus, greater is the depth of field. So it is suitable to utilize a wide angle lens if you have one. Otherwise set the zoom lens to its widest variety. The ideal focal length to get the perfect DOF is around 24 mm. This amount was arrived at after ton of experimentation with the 35 millimeter format. This would mean you will require a lens that has a focal length of 18 at its widest range. This is because the DSLR's (unless you are employing the full format DSLR's) has a sensor size smaller that the 35mm film format. This changes the relationship between the lens and the camera. A regular DSLR like Nikon D70 or the Canon EOS 400 has a sensor surface area of around 22 sqmm. Thus the focal length of the lens will need to be multiplied by about 1.5 to get the concordant focal length of a 35mm format. For eg, an 18 mm lens in the DSLR will translate into a 27mm lens in 35mm format.

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Since most folks use the ordinary DLSR's the 18- 55mm kit lens that accompanies most cameras will do. When you have a 10-22mm lens it's better.

However, if you are using a digital point and shoot then there's an issue. The scope of focal length supplied by most point and shoot is in the range of 34-114mm. This focal length is just a little narrow angle to get an excellent DOF. Therefore you will need a wide angle adapter for point and shoot cameras. Most cameras have a wide angle adaptor which may be utilized to redress this problem. Therefore regardless of what camera you use, remember this figure of 24 mm. This is the perfect focal length required for the DOF encounter.

Lens Aperture

As a rule of thumb, larger the aperture lesser is the depth of field. So as a corollary in the event you'd like a greater DOF you ought to set your camera's aperture to the smallest possible value. I personally prefer to use whatever is the smallest aperture that the lens would let. Normally an f stop of f/22 will be allowed by most cameras. There are two methods of doing this. You can either use the aperture priority or manual mode. In aperture priority mode, you set the aperture along with the camera automatically picks the shutter speed determined by the light states. As this gives me a greater control over the camera, I personally prefer using the manual mode. In the manual mode, you have the option to set both shutter speed and the aperture and thus I prefer to use this mode.

The shutter speed will have to be slow, since the aperture is going to be small. Generally speaking if the stop that is f is f/22 then you may need to maintain the shutter speed at 1/8 or even less. It is therefore wise to use a tripod to prevent camera shake.

Establish focus manually

This is the last and most important aspect of getting greater DOF. Turn off the autofocus and set the focus manually. Now focus on a place that's one third the space between the foreground and background. For eg, if you were taking a photo of a flower using a mountain in the background, focus on a point which is one third the space between the blossom and the mountain. It might be tough should you not have an item to focus on, but mainly you ought to be able to find something to focus on. Some serious photographer will proceed to the extent of carrying many props for this specific effect; some even carry indigenous plants for this particular purpose.

Nonetheless when you initially look through the view finder, both background and the foreground will look out of focus. This is because the aperture is wide open and shuts to the value that is smaller only when you release the shutter. Therefore most DSLR's come equipped with a DOF preview button. The aperture becomes little when you press this button and you'll locate both background and the foreground to be in focus. Mind you that when you press the DOF preview button, the image will become darker, because less light is entering the lens.

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By applying the aforementioned three methods you must have the capacity to get the perfect landscape shots.